by Laura Hartman
Published August 2012
Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center 12c manages Oracle hardware, virtualization technologies, and operating systems that are deployed in traditional, virtualized, and cloud environments. This article describes how you can use it to create and configure Oracle Solaris 11 zones. The zones you create with this procedure will have these characteristics:
solaris-small-server) uses less space than when you install from an OS image.
With this configuration, you can add the zone to a server pool and use the zone migration feature. See the "See Also" section for links to related information about different zone configurations, including choosing the type of storage library, complex network configurations, and server pools that enable you to migrate zones within the pool.
With Oracle Solaris Zones, you can create one or more virtualized operating systems on a single Oracle Solaris 11 operating system (OS). Each zone is an isolated OS environment that you can use to run applications. The applications and processes that are running in one zone do not affect what is running in other zones.
You can create Oracle Solaris 10 branded zones or Oracle Solaris 11 non-global zones in an Oracle Solaris 11 environment. When you create a zone in Oracle Solaris 11, it uses the following:
You must provide storage for the zone and zone metadata. When you create a zone, you assign it to one of the storage libraries associated with its virtual host.
In Oracle Solaris 11,
root is not a regular account; it is a role. With the default Oracle Solaris 11 setup, where
root is just a role, you cannot log in as
root. Instead, you must create an account to log in. With Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center, you have the option to create a special user account or log in as
You can create new zones from the Asset view or from the Plan Management view of Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center. This article describes how to create a zone from the Plan Management view.
This example stores the zone data on a SAN storage device and the metadata in a NAS library.
You need the following before you can create an Oracle Solaris 11 zone:
Refer to the "See Also" section for links to related information and articles about how to set up and synchronize an Oracle Solaris 11 Software Update library, how to discover and manage an operating system, how to prepare your storage and network infrastructures, and how to modify user roles and permissions.
You perform the following steps to create an Oracle Solaris 11 zone:
Creating a zone profile defines the zone configuration details and creates a deployment plan.
In this example, the recovery priority of this zone is 17. If there are enough resources to recover only three zones, only the zones with highest numbers are recovered. For example, if you have a global zone with five zones (z1, z2, z3, z4, and z5) with respective priorities of 6, 30, 17, 66, and 100, when there are enough resources to recover only three zones, only z5(100), z4(66) and z2(30) are recovered.
Note: You are not required to create a user account. If you do not create a user account, you must still provide a root password. In this case,
root is a regular user.
The zone profile and the corresponding deployment plan appear in the list of Oracle Solaris zone profiles and Oracle Solaris zone plans.
Use the plan that you created in "Creating an Oracle Solaris 11 Zone Profile and Plan" to create a zone, and then view the new zone in the UI. You have the opportunity to make changes in the plan before you submit the job to apply the plan.
You can change the following parameters before you deploy the plan:
The zone is available for you to use as a separate operating system. Use actions in the user interface to manage the zone and perform operations, such as rebooting and halting the operating system. Manage your zone's performance, including viewing the CPU utilization at the zone level, with the OS Analytics feature. You can reuse your Oracle Solaris Zones deployment plan to quickly add zones when and where you need them.
To improve high availability, you can use the zone created here in a zone server pool. A zone server pool is a group of zones that use the same network and storage resources. You can share resources among the zone members, schedule load balancing, minimize power consumption, and move zones to different physical servers within the pool.
The Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center 12c documentation is located at http://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=oc121. See the following:
More examples are available in Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center how-to documentation library at http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E27363_01/nav/howto.htm.
For in-depth information about zones, see the Oracle Solaris Zones documentation at http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E23824_01/html/821-1460/index.html.
Laura Hartman is a Principal Technical Writer for Oracle. For the past several years she has been developing documentation for Oracle Enterprise Manager Ops Center. Prior to that, Laura created technical documentation for several different companies, including system management software for Sun Microsystems, e-commerce software for General Electric, and user documentation for financial institutions.