A transaction is a persisted collection of work that can be committed or rolled back together as a group. You can use an ADF bounded task flow to represent a transactional unit of work and to declaratively manage transaction boundaries. After creating a basic unbounded or bounded task flow and adding task flow activities to it, you can perform specialized tasks such as transaction management and reentry.
Transaction options on the called task flow definition specify whether a called ADF bounded task flow should join an existing transaction, create a new one, or create a new one only if there is no existing transaction.
If the called ADF bounded task flow is able to start a new transaction (based on the transaction option that you selected), you can specify whether the transaction will be committed or rolled back when the task flow returns to its caller. The commit and rollback options are set on the task flow return activity that returns control back to the calling task flow. The same task flow that starts a transaction must also resolve the transaction.
In a called task flow definition, you can specify two different return task flow activities that result in either committing or rolling back a transaction in the called ADF bounded task flow. Each of the task flow return activities passes control back to the same calling task flow. The difference is that one task flow return activity specifies the commit option, while the other specifies the rollback option.
You can use a return activity to call the commit action or use a button bound to the commit action. If possible, use a task flow return activity. Using a task flow return activity will commit all data controls used by the ADF task flow. It also makes it easier to see where your application is doing commits and rollbacks, and is therefore easier to maintain. To use a task flow return activity, drag and drop it from the Component Palette and set the properties in the Property Inspector.
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