Using Sun Java System Web Server With Sun Identity Manager and MySQL Software

Partha Dey, October 2008

This document is designed for those who plan to install Sun Identity Manager software and perform initial deployment tasks on top of a web server, because a web server is relatively lightweight in comparison to heavyweight application servers.

This article covers the following topics:

Introduction

Sun Java System Web Server 7.0 Update 3 and above runs on the following wide variety of platforms with Java 2 Platform, Standard Edition (J2SE) Development Kit (JDK) 5 and 6 support:

  • Solaris 8, 9, and 10 Operating System
  • Microsoft Windows 2000, XP, and 2003
  • Linux (RHEL and SUSE)
  • HP-UX 11i
  • IBM AIX 5.3/6.1

Sun Java System Web Server 7.0 (hereafter Web Server) Update 3 supports the NetBeans 6.0 IDE. Superior security features include Denial of Service (DoS) attack detection, cross-site detection, and Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) support (see Sun Java System Web Server site). Update 3 also introduces auto-deploy functionality that enables you to deploy one or more web applications just by placing them under a designated directory. The web application to be auto-deployed could be a WAR file, a directory where a web archive is exploded, or a symbolic link to a directory where a web archive is exploded.

Task Flow for Setting Up

Depending on your choice of application server or web server and database, the steps you need to follow for setup differ. In general, you do the following:

  • Perform pre-requisite tasks, such as installing a Java compiler and Java Virtual Machine (JVM), and setting up an index database
  • Install and configure an application server or web server
  • Install and configure the Sun Identity Manager software

Here, we discuss the installation of Sun Identity Manager 8.0 software using Web Server 7.0 Update 3 or above (exploiting its auto-deploy feature) and MySQL 5.0 as the database.

Setting Up a Java Virtual Machine and Java Compiler

The application requires a Java compiler and a JVM to run the Java classes that perform actions within the Sun Identity Manager software. Both of these items can be found in a JDK. (The Java Runtime Environment [JRE] packages do not include a Java compiler.)

Tips:

  • Sun Java System Web Server includes a bundled JDK with its binaries. The JDK version that is shipped with Web Server is always preferred over any other JDK installed on your server.
  • You can run Sun Identity Manager on Web Server 7.0 Update 3 with supported J2SE 5.0 JVMs.
  • You should add JAVA_HOME to your list of system environment variables and to your system path. To do this, add JAVA_HOME to your system environment and add JAVA_HOME\bin to your path, making sure to list them before any other Java variables. Adding JAVA_HOME to your list of system environment variables is helpful for Sun Identity Manager software, but it might affect other applications.

Setting Up an Index Database

You should use a third-party relational database to store the system index data.

Note : You must configure your database with a character set that supports the characters that you want to store. If you need to store multi-byte characters, you should use a character set, such as UTF-8, that supports Unicode.

About the Sample Database Scripts

Sun Identity Manager software provides sample database scripts that you can modify and use to create tables and indexes. You may choose to use an alternate method to create equivalent tables and indexes, but the tables and indexes must meet these requirements:

  • Tables (or views) must exist with the names specified in the sample DDL.
  • Each named table (or view) must be owned by (or aliased to) the proxy user that is represented as waveset in the sample DDL.
  • Each named table (or view) must contain all the columns specified for that table in the sample DDL.
  • Each named column must have a data type that is consistent with the data type specified for that column in the sample DDL.

You can modify the sample scripts to suit your environment. Common changes include the following:

  • Specifying a different proxy user
  • Specifying different tablespaces or separate tablespaces for tables and indexes
  • Changing a data type, which is acceptable if a view or the JDBC driver makes the change transparent
  • Adding columns, which is acceptable if each column is nullable or defaulted
  • Removing or renaming columns, which is acceptable if a view makes this transparent
  • Renaming indexes

Note : If you make changes to the sample scripts, then you must make equivalent changes to any sample database upgrade scripts that you receive in the future.

Here, we restrict ourselves to using only MySQL software as the database.

Setting Up the MySQL Database

Follow these steps to set up the MySQL database for use with Sun Identity Manager software.

1. Install the MySQL software. Start the MySQL process (if it does not start automatically).

2. Create the database. To do this:

a. Copy the create_waveset_tables.mysql script from the db_scripts directory on the installation CD (or from the idm\sample directory, if you have already installed the software) to a temporary location.

b. Modify the create_waveset_tables.mysql script to change the database user password.

c. Create the new tables by using one of the following commands:

On Microsoft Windows:

c:\mysql\bin\mysql -u root < create_waveset_tables.mysql

On UNIX:

$MYSQL/bin/mysql -u root < create_waveset_tables.mysql

Installing Sun Identity Manager for Sun Java System Web Server

Use the following information and procedures to install Sun Identity Manager software for use with Web Server version 7 Update 3.

Before You Begin

During installation, you will need to know the following:

  • Location where Web Server is installed
  • The password you selected when you set up the index database

Installation Steps

Follow these installation and configuration steps:

1. Install the Web Server software. You can choose either Express or Custom installation to install the web server. You can also use either graphical or command-line mode for the installation.

For graphical mode installation, execute setup ( setup.exe in Microsoft Windows environments or ./setup in UNIX environments) after unzipping the binary.

Express installation is the default installation type, and it makes assumptions regarding host name, port numbers, and JDK installation. If you select Express, you do not specify these settings during installation.

Custom installation provides more flexibility and enables you to configure settings that are not specified during Express installation, such as administration server and web server port numbers and which JDK to use. Use Custom installation if you want to customize your installation.

You can also install through the command-line interface, which is an interactive, text-based interface that prompts for responses in a terminal window. To activate the command-line mode, start the installation program using the --console option ( setup --console in Microsoft Windows environments or ./setup --console in UNIX environments).

You can also use Silent installation mode to install the web server. This mode is a non-interactive mode that enables you to run the installer on multiple hosts using an installer configuration file (state file). To install in silent mode, generate a state file, and then start the installation program using the --silent option ( ./setup --silent </state_file/>).

After the silent mode is activated, installation takes place without additional user input. The installer configuration file (state file) is created when the savestate option is used with the setup command to start an interactive installation. Settings are captured during the interactive installation and saved in a state file. This file forms the template for silent installation, and it can be used to install the product on one or more systems. The state file can be modified later if necessary.

  • Graphical installation mode:
    • ./setup --savestate (UNIX)
    • setup --savestate (Microsoft Windows)
  • Command-line installation mode:
    • ./setup --console --savestate (UNIX)
    • setup --console --savestate (Microsoft Windows)

Most of the installation parameters are self-explanatory. You can refer to the Sun Java System Web Server 7.0 Update 3 Installation and Migration Guide for the details about configuration parameters.

2. Install the Sun Identity Manager software in the Web Server Instance's auto-deploy directory.

You can use the bundled JDK of Web Server or any other custom JDK (5.0 or higher).

You must export JDK_HOME.

  • In UNIX environments, JAVA_HOME is the location of the JDK. You need to set as export JAVA_HOME.
  • In Microsoft Windows environments, you must define JAVA_HOME in the system variable. You need to export your Sun Identify Manager root directory as WSHOME.

a. Install the software using one of two methods:

  • Using the installer Graphic User Interface:

    Run the install.bat file (for Microsoft Windows) or the install command (for UNIX) to launch the installation process.If you copy the files from the installation media to your own location, note that the idm.war and install.class files must be in the same directory. The installer displays the Welcome panel.

  • Using the nodisplay option (UNIX only):

    Change to the directory where the Sun Identity Manager software is located. Enter the following command to activate the installer in nodisplay mode:

    install -nodisplay
    

    The installer displays the Welcome text. The installer then presents a list of questions to gather installation information in the same order that the Graphic User Interface installer uses.

    Note: If no display is present, the installer defaults to the nodisplay option. The DISPLAY environment variable must be set to a valid X server or the installation might fail.

b. Click Next to display the Install or Upgrade? panel.

c. Leave the New Installation option selected, and then click Next. The installer displays the Select Installation Directory panel.

d. Replace the displayed directory location with the location where you want to install the Sun Identity Manager software. This could be a staging location or a specific folder. You can install in a staging location, then make a WAR file from the installed location, and then deploy the WAR file using the Add Web Application tab. If you want to use the auto-deploy feature of the web server then use the following:

%WebServer_HOME%\<Instance_Directory>\auto_deploy\idm

Enter the location (or click Browse to locate it), and then click Next.

e. Click Next to begin installation. After installing files, the installer displays the Launch Setup panel.

f. Before proceeding further, add the Java mail.jar, activation.jar, and jms.jar files to the $WSHOME/WEB-INF/lib directory.

Caution : Before you continue, if you plan to use an index database, you might need to copy one or more files to the idm/WEB-INF/lib directory. For example, you might need to place into idm/WEB-INF/lib a JAR file containing a JDBC driver (for a DriverManager connection) or a JAR file containing a Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) InitialContextFactory (for a DataSource connection). To determine the steps you might need to perform before you go on, see Index Database Reference. When finished, click Launch Setup to launch the Setup Wizard and continue with setup steps. If you click Launch Setup before copying your index database files, setup will not proceed correctly. If this happens, quit the installation program, and then use the lh setup command to restart the setup portion of the installation process.

g. Click Next on the Setup Wizard panel. The product displays the Locate the Repository panel.

h. Select an index database from the list provided. Depending on your selection, setup prompts for additional setup information.

i. Click Next. The Continue Identity Manager Demo Setup? panel appears.

j. If this is a non-demo installation, click No, I will configure Identity Manager myself. This will end the Installation steps.

k. Check the logs for any issue.

Post-Installation Tasks

After the installation, if you installed the Sun Identity Manager software inside the auto-deploy directory, then you don't need to do anything else except start the web server instance.

If instead you installed in a staging directory, then you need to deploy Identity Manager by making a WAR file of it. You need to mention a URI as the application's context root. After the instance starts up, you can access the Sun Identity Manager login page here:

http://<instance_id>:port_number/Application_URI/login.jsp

Then you can enjoy using the Sun Identity Manager software.

For More Information

Here are links to related resources:


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