Creating a Simple Java Message Service (JMS) Producer with NetBeans and GlassFish



    This tutorial demonstrates how to use the JMS API to create a simple message producer using GlassFish 3.1.2 and NetBeans 7.

    Time to Complete

    Approximately 45 minutes.


    Messaging is a method of communicating between software components or applications. Messaging allows loosely-coupled communication between distributed applications. Message clients can send and receive messages by connecting to a messaging agent that facilitates message receipt and delivery. Clients need not know anything about other clients that will consume or produce messages. A message client only needs to know the format of the message to send and the destination. Thus messaging differs from other tightly coupled technologies, such as Remote Method Invocation (RMI), which require an application to know a remote applications methods.

    The Java Message Service API was designed by Sun Microsystems and several other companies to address the need to connect intra-company applications through enterprise messaging products, sometimes referred to as Message Oriented Middleware (MOM). JMS provides a way for Java applications to access messaging systems. JMS is a set of interfaces and associated semantics that defines how a JMS client access the facilities of messaging implementation. In this regard JMS is very much like JDBC.

    Messaging systems are peer-to-peer facilities, allowing clients to send and receive messages from any other client. Some messaging systems can also broadcast messages to many destinations, and clients subscribe to a specific channel or topic to receive messages from that are broadcast. JMS is implemented to support both models, depending upon the implementation of the JMS provider. The figure below illustrates the participating components of a Java Message Service implementation.

    JMS API Architecture Overview

    The JMS API Messaging System Participants

    A JMS technology provider (JMS provider) is a messaging system that provides an implementation of the JMS API. For an application server to support JMS technology, you must place the administered objects (connection factories, queue destinations, and topic destinations) in the JNDI technology namespace of the application server. Typically, you would use the administrative tool supplied by the application server to perform this task. However, in this tutorial, you will use the capabilities built into NetBeans to define and create the administered objects.

    Specifically, you will define a Queue Destination and Connection Factory in NetBeans. After deploying the application once, you can use a feature in NetBeans to generate the code that uses the Connection Factory you specified to generate a Connection object. With the Connection object, the generated code creates a Session object, which is used to create a MessageProducer object to send the string entered on JSF page to the queue as a Message object.

    Software Requirements

    The following software is required to complete this tutorial in Windows platform. You must install the software in the given order.

    • Download and install Java JDK 7 from this link.
    • Download and install NetBeans IDE 7.1.2 Java EE version which includes GlassFish 3.1.2 (Java EE download bundle) from this link.
      During installation, be sure to check the box to install Glassfish. JUnit is an optional installation and not required for this tutorial.


    Before starting this tutorial, you should:

    • Have the software installed as listed under Software Requirements.
    • Start the NetBeans IDE.
    • Download and unzip the file that contains a NetBeans project you need to complete this tutorial.
      Note: It is recommended that the location where you unzip the NetBeans projects does not contain spaces or non-alphanumeric characters.

Create a NetBeans Web Application Project

    NetBeans provides a number of different project options. In this tutorial, you will create a Web Application project and use the JSF framework.

    Create a New Web Application Project.

    Select File -> New Project.

    From the New Project dialog, select Java Web as the Category and Web Application as the Project. Click Next.

    Enter JSFProducer as the Project Name.
    Your project location can be anywhere you want.
    Click Next.

    Select Enable Contexts and Dependency Injection. Click Next.

    Select JavaServer Faces as your framework. Click Finish.

    NetBeans has created a simple JSF-based Web Application for you, including a simple index.xhtml JSF Facelet.

Create a JMS Producer Managed Bean

    In this topic, you will create a managed bean for the JSF Facelet.

    Create a new JSF Managed Bean.

      Expand the Project you created. Right-click on Source packages and select New -> Other.

      Choose JavaServer Faces from Categories and JSF Managed Bean from File Types. Click Next.

      Enter MessageProducerBean as the Class Name.
      Enter obe as the Package name.
      Select request as the Bean scope.
      Click Finish.

    Implement the JSF managed bean with a String message field

      Add a String message field to the managed bean.

      private String message;

      Use the NetBeans Insert Code feature to add a getter and setter for the field. Click in the MessageProducerBean file just above the last closing brace and press the Alt-Insert key, and select Getter and Setter from the Generate list.

      Choose the message field. Click Generate.

      Add an empty send() method with a void return type (you will fill this method in later) below the getter and setter.
      Save the file.

Implement the JSF page

    Add components to the JSF page to write to the message field in the managed bean.

    Expand the Web Pages folder and open the  index.xhtml file. Add the following markup to the page replacing the Hello from Facelets string:

    JMS Message Producer
        <h:outputLabel value="Message: " for="message"/>
        <h:inputText id="message" value="#{messageProducerBean.message}"/>
        <h:commandButton value="Send Message" action="#{messageProducerBean.send}"/>
        <h:messages globalOnly="true"/>

    Change the title of the JSF page to JMS Message Producer. Save the file.

Add a message queue and connection factory to your project.

    Add a JMS queue Admin Object Resource.

      Right-click on the project and select New -> Other.
      Choose GlassFish from Categories and JMS Resource from File Types.
      Click Next.

      Accept the default JNDI name, jms/myQueue and the default Admin Object Resource. Click Next.

      On the JMS Properties screen, enter myQueue in the value field and press the Enter key.
      Click Finish.

    Add a JMS Queue Connector Resource

      Right-click on the project and select New -> Other.
      Choose GlassFish from Categories and JMS Resource from File Types.
      Click Next.

      Enter jms/myQueueFactory as the JNDI Name.
      Select javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory as the Connector Resource.
      Click Finish.

Start Glassfish Application Server and Deploy the application.

    Open the Services tab (Windows -> Services) and expand Servers.
    Right-click on GlassFish Server 3.1.2 and select Start.
    Note: If your instance of GlassFish already has a green triangle beside the fish icon, the server is already started and the Start command will be greyed out.

    In the Output Window, you should see the GlassFish Server 3.1.2 console indicating GlassFish started.
    Note: Java DB Database also starts automatically.

    Select the Projects tab to open it.
    Right-click the JSFProducer project and select Deploy.

    In the Output Window, you will see a message that the project JSFProducer built successfully.

    Open the Services tab. Right-click on the Applications folder and select Refresh to see that the the JSFProducer application is deployed.
    Expand the Resources folder, and then expand the Connectors folder.
    Right-click on Admin Object Resources and select Refresh.
    Do the same with the Connector Resources and Connector Connection Pools folders.
    You will see that GlassFish has deployed your application, JSFProducer, created a Admin Object Resource, jms/myQueue, and a Connector Resource object, jms/myQueueFactory.

Generate the JMS code in the ManagedBean.

    Open the MessageProducerBean class in the Editor and click in the bottom of the file, just before the closing curly brace.
    Press Alt-Insert to open the NetBeans Code Generator feature and select Send JMS Message...

    By default, NetBeans will choose your Admin Resource Object (jms/myQueue) as the Server Destination and jms/myQueueFactory as the Connection factory. Click OK.

    Scroll to the top of the file to see that NetBeans has added the proper resource declarations to your code for the Queue and ConnectionFactory instances.

    Scroll down again and you will see that NetBeans has also added two private methods.
    The createJMSMessageForjmsMyQueue method creates and returns an instance of a TextMessage objects.
    The sendJMSMessageToMyQueue creates a Connection using the ConnectionFactory, creates a Session from the connection, and a MessageProducer from the session.
    The MessageProducer sends the string message (passed into the method as messageData) to the JMS queue destination.
    Note: the line numbers in your editor may be different.

Modify your send method to call the generated code.

    Add the following code to the send() method.

    FacesContext facesContext = FacesContext.getCurrentInstance();
    try {
         FacesMessage facesMessage = new FacesMessage("Message sent: " + message);
         facesContext.addMessage(null, facesMessage);
    } catch (JMSException jmse) {
         FacesMessage facesMessage = new FacesMessage("Message NOT sent: " + message);
        facesContext.addMessage(null, facesMessage);

    The send() method will attempt to send the String message to the JMS queue destination you added to the project.
    If the message is sent properly, a FacesMessage is added to the FacesContext instance that represents the current view page. The FacesMessage will be displayed to the browser client when the page is rendered.

    Fix the missing imports (Ctrl-Shift-I) and save the file.

    In the Output Window, in the GlassFish Server 3.1.2 tab, you will see that the application deployed successfully, however, the following warnings appear.
    Note: The contents of the message between the square braces may be different in your environment.

    These warnings are a result of NetBeans attempting to create portable JNDI lookup references for the queue and connection factory you created. Because this example uses a non-portable mappedName lookup for the JMS resources, you can ignore the warnings, or remove the lines shown below from the glassfish-web.xml file.

    After removing the lines, save the file and GlassFish automatically redeploys the JSFProducer application, without any warnings.

Test the application.

    Open a browser and enter the following URL:


    Try typing in some text and click the Send Message button.
    You should see that your messages were successfully sent. For example:

Looking at Message Queue statistics

    Although you cannot see the content of the messages on the server, you can determine how many messages have been sent to a destination (and are not yet picked up.)

    Using the command line

      Open a command window. (Start->Run->cmd).
      Type the following command:

      "C:\Program Files\glassfish-3.1.2\mq\bin\imqcmd" list dst

      Enter admin as the username and admin as the password.

      There is one message in myQueue.

    Using the admin console

      In a browser, start the GlassFish Admin Console by typing the following URL:


      From the left panel, click on server (Admin Server).

      Select the JMS Physical Destinations tab.

      Click on View for myQueue.

      Scroll down until you see the Number of Messages statistic.

      This shows that there is one message in myQueue.

Reading the messages on the queue

    A simple Message-Driven Bean (MDB) NetBeans project has been included in this tutorial to allow you to "see" the messages in the queue. In another OBE, you will explore more advanced application of MDBs, including how to take messages from the queue and store them for another application.

    Unzip the project into directory and open the project in NetBeans.

    Open the file and review the code.

    This code uses a Message Driven Bean (MDB) to register a listener in the application server for messages on the Queue with the JNDI name, "jms/myQueue". A Message Driven Bean is deployed to the application server and instantiated by the container. Once the bean is deployed, it will continue to "listen" for messages on the destination queue specified.
    When a message is sent to the queue, the container invokes the onMessage method, which casts the Message object to a TextMessage object (the type you put on the queue). With the getText() method,  you print the message to the console.

    Right-click on the MDBExample project and select Deploy to deploy the MDB to GlassFish.

    In the Output window, click on the GlassFish Server 3.1.2 tab (the system console) and you should see the message(s) you typed in the JSF window appear.



    In this tutorial, you created a JMS Producer application. The application uses a JSF page to create a string message and a managed bean to put the string onto a JMS Message Queue.



    • Lead Curriculum Developer: Tom McGinn
    • Other Contributors: Matt Heimer

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