Oracle Usable Apps | Applications User Experience Simplicity, mobility, extensibility
   
 
Customer Role: How User Experience Research Is Conducted
 
Information Display

The Information Display pattern group helps project managers, developers, and designers select visualization techniques such as tables and graphs, which enable users to understand the meaning and significance of the numbers. Numbers are central to a user's understanding of business, and they help users make informed decisions.

 
Pattern Filter Tool

Are you looking for the right graph and chart representation?

   
   
 
You use multi-quantity graphs to show the relationship between two or more quantitative dimensions. Plot data dimensions by positioning marks along the horizontal and vertical axes. Data values may be positive or negative. The shape, size, and color of the marks may indicate additional categorical or quantitative data dimensions. The marks may be connected to emphasize trends. If you are considering using multiple graphs, see the Guidelines to Correlate and Compare Graphs.
 
Pattern Set Decision Table Return to Top
  Single-Quantity Graphs
Single-Quantity Graphs
Multi-Quantity Graphs
Multi-Quantity Graphs
Category Graphs
Category Graphs
Percentage Graphs
Percentage Graphs
Total Graphs
Total Graphs
Task: What data do you want to show or compare?
Single quantities with optional thresholds
Relationships between quantitative dimensions
Categories associated with simple quantities
Categories associated with percentages
Categories associated with totals
Graph Type Decision Table (Within This Pattern) Return to Top
 
User Type
Casual
Experienced
Emphasizes trends, has at least one quantitative data dimension that’s sequential, and has non-sequential dimensions that share the same scale
Yes
No
Line Graph Return to Top

Note that key concepts such as categorical data dimension and aggregate data dimension are defined on the main Charts and Graphs Pattern Set page.

Use a line graph for casual users who must make fast and accurate judgments about trends in quantities that vary sequentially. The quantities may have values that are far from zero and that are both positive and negative. The quantities may be evenly or irregularly spaced; however, a sequential data dimension (without duplicates), such as a temporal or aggregate dimension, should be on the horizontal axis.

Line Graph

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Line
Not applicable
Scatter and Bubble Graphs Return to Top
  Scatter Color/Shape Scatter Gray Scatter Bubble Color Bubble Gray Bubble
Show two quantitative data dimensions
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Show two quantitative data dimensions and one categorical or aggregate data dimension
No
Yes
No
No
No
No
Show three quantitative data dimensions, one of which has at most four different values
No
No
Yes
No
No
No
Show three quantitative data dimensions, each of which have more than four different values
No
No
No
Yes
No
No
Show three quantitative data dimensions and one categorical or aggregate data dimension
No
No
No
No
Yes
No
Show four quantitative data dimensions
No
No
No
No
No
Yes

Scatter Graphs

Scatter graphs plot two quantitative dimensions against each other. Scatter graphs are useful for determining whether the plotted dimensions are correlated (For example, answering questions such as "When marketing costs increase, do sales also increase?").

Binary Scatter Graph

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable

Color/Shape Scatter Graphs

Color scatter graphs plot two quantitative dimensions against each other, just like regular scatter graphs. In addition, color scatter graphs show a categorical or aggregate dimension using marks of different colors or shapes. Color scatter graphs are useful for comparing how particular categories correlate across the plotted dimensions (For example, answering questions such as: "When marketing costs increase, do sales increase more for some products than for others?").

Color Scatter Graph

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable

Gray Scatter Graphs

Gray scatter graphs plot three quantitative dimensions against each other, although the dimensions plotted with gray value can only realistically have a range of three or four different quantities. Gray scatter graphs are useful for determining whether any of the plotted dimensions are correlated (For example, answering questions such as: "When marketing costs increase, do sales increase?" and "Do high-priced marketing campaigns result in more products sold at full price?").

Gray Scatter Graph

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable

Bubble Graphs

Bubble graphs plot three quantitative dimensions against each other, just like gray scatter graphs. The dimensions plotted with different bubble sizes may have a range of up to about seven different quantities, especially on large bubble graphs. Users may have difficulty comparing bubble sizes accurately, however, and overlap may be a problem on small bubble graphs.

Bubble Graph

Bubble size shows quantity manufactured

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable

Color Bubble

Color bubble graphs plot three quantitative dimensions and one additional categorical dimension.

Color Bubble Graph

Bubble size shows quantity manufactured

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable
 

Gray Bubble Graphs

Gray bubble graphs plot four quantitative dimensions. The dimensions plotted with gray values can only realistically have a range of three or four different quantities. The dimensions plotted with bubble size may have a range of up to about seven different quantities, especially on large bubble graphs. Users may have difficulty comparing bubble sizes accurately, however, and overlap may be a problem on small bubble graphs.

Gray Bubble Graph

Bubble size shows quantity manufactured

Required Screen Elements
Component Type Required Components Customizable/Extendable Components
Graph The graph type for this pattern is Scatter/Bubble Not applicable

 
 
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