Dois novos recursos do Oracle Data Pump 12c – parte 2

Por Alex Zaballa
Postado em Setembro 2014

Revisado por Marcelo Pivovar - Solution Architect

Indice:

  1. Dois novos recursos do Oracle Data Pump 12c - Parte 1
  2. Dois novos recursos do Oracle Data Pump 12c - Parte 2

Change Table Compression at Import

Em versões anteriores ao 12c, o Data Pump sempre realizava as importações utilizando as mesmas configurações de compressão que estavam presentes no processo de exportação. No 12c, ele foi aprimorado para permitir que você especifique um método de compressão no momento da importação, independentemente do método de compressão usado quando os dados foram exportados. Com isso, você pode comprimir ou descomprimir a tabela durante a importação.
Isto é possível devido à introdução de um novo parâmetro da cláusula TRANSFORM, chamado TABLE_COMPRESSION_CLAUSE.
Alguns valores permitidos:

  • NONE : Se for omitido, a tabela assume as características da tablespace.
  • NOCOMPRESS : Desativa a compressão da tabela.
  • COMPRESS : Habilita a compressão básica.
  • ROW STORE COMPRESS BASIC : O mesmo que o COMPRESS.
  • ROW STORE COMPRESS ADVANCED :  Habilita a compressão avançada, conhecida como OLTP compression.
  • COLUMN STORE COMPRESS FOR QUERY : Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC) disponível no Exadata, ZFS storage appliances e Pillar Axiom Storage Systems.
  • COLUMN STORE COMPRESS FOR ARCHIVE : Hybrid Columnar Compression (HCC) disponível no Exadata, ZFS storage appliances e Pillar Axiom Storage Systems.

*Opções que contenham espaços em branco devem ser colocadas entre aspas simples ou duplas.

Iremos confirmar se a tabela de origem está com a compressão desativada:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Fri Aug 8 11:26:52 2014
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
 
SQL> select owner,table_name,compression from dba_Tables where owner='HR' and table_name = 'EMPLOYEES';

OWNER                TABLE_NAME           COMPRESS
-------------------- -------------------- --------
HR                   EMPLOYEES            DISABLED 


Criando o diretório no banco de dados para realizar o export:

SQL> create directory dir_teste as '/tmp/zaballa';
 
Directory created.

Exportando a tabela que será usada para o import com transform=table_compression_clause:compress:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ expdp alex_zaballa dumpfile=hr_employees.dmp directory=dir_teste tables=hr.employees
 
Export: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Aug 8 11:33:05 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
Password:
 
Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
Starting "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01": 
alex_zaballa/******** dumpfile=hr_employees.dmp directory=dir_teste tables=hr.employees
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 64 KB
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/GRANT/OWNER_GRANT/OBJECT_GRANT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/COMMENT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TRIGGER
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
. . exported "HR"."EMPLOYEES"                            17.08 KB     107 rows
Master table "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for ALEX_ZABALLA.SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01 is:
  /tmp/zaballa/hr_employees.dmp
Job "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at Fri Aug 8 11:33:40 2014 elapsed 0 00:00:32

Importando a tabela e habilitando a compressão:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ impdp alex_zaballa directory=dir_teste dumpfile=hr_employees.dmp remap_schema=hr:alex_zaballa 
transform=table_compression_clause:compress
 
Import: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Aug 8 12:07:48 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
Password:
 
Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
Master table "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01":  alex_zaballa/******** directory=dir_teste dumpfile=hr_employees.dmp 
remap_schema=hr:alex_zaballa transform=table_compression_clause:compress
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
. . imported "ALEX_ZABALLA"."EMPLOYEES"                  17.08 KB     107 rows
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/GRANT/OWNER_GRANT/OBJECT_GRANT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/COMMENT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/INDEX
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/CONSTRAINT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/CONSTRAINT/REF_CONSTRAINT
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TRIGGER
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
Job "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully completed at Fri Aug 8 12:08:23 2014 elapsed 0 00:00:32

Podemos verificar que agora a tabela está com a compressão ativada:

SQL> select owner,table_name,compression from dba_Tables where owner='ALEX_ZABALLA' and table_name = 'EMPLOYEES';
 
OWNER                 TABLE_NAME           COMPRESS
-------------------- -------------------- --------
ALEX_ZABALLA          EMPLOYEES            ENABLED 


Change Table LOB Storage at Import

No 12c, podemos especificar o método de armazenamento de LOBs que será usado no Data Pump durante o processo de importação, independente de como foi realizado o export. Isto fornece um método simples que permite aos usuários migrar facilmente de BasicFile LOBs para SecureFile LOBs.
Isto é possível devido à introdução de um novo parâmetro da cláusula TRANSFORM, chamado LOB_STORAGE.
Alguns valores permitidos:

  • SECUREFILE : Os LOBS serão armazenados como SecureFiles.
  • BASICFILE : Os LOBS serão armazenados como BasicFiles.
  • DEFAULT : O armazenamento do LOB é determinado pelo banco de dados.
  • NO_CHANGE : O processo de importação irá utilizar as configurações criadas durante o processo de exportação.

Iremos criar uma tabela com um LOB do tipo BASICFILE:

SQL> CREATE TABLE HR.TABELA_TESTE
(coluna1 number(10),
coluna2  clob)
LOB (coluna2) STORE as BASICFILE TABLESPACE EXAMPLE;
 
Table created.


Iremos confirmar se o LOB da tabela de origem está como BASICFILE:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Fri Aug 8 12:38:25 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 
 
Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
 
 
SQL> select owner,table_name,tablespace_name,securefile from dba_lobs where 
owner='HR' and table_name='TABELA_TESTE';
 
OWNER                TABLE_NAME         TABLESPACE_NAME     SEC
-------------------- ------------------ ------------------- ---
HR                   TABELA_TESTE       EXAMPLE             NO 

 

Exportando a tabela que será usada para o import com transform=lob_storage:securefile:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ expdp alex_zaballa dumpfile=hr_tabela_teste.dmp directory=dir_teste tables=hr.tabela_teste
 
Export: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Aug 8 12:33:03 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
Password:
 
Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
Starting "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01":  alex_zaballa/******** dumpfile=hr_tabela_teste.dmp 
directory=dir_teste tables=hr.tabela_teste
Estimate in progress using BLOCKS method...
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
Total estimation using BLOCKS method: 0 KB
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
. . exported "HR"."TABELA_TESTE"                             0 KB       0 rows
Master table "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for ALEX_ZABALLA.SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01 is:
  /tmp/zaballa/hr_tabela_teste.dmp
Job "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_EXPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at Fri Aug 8 12:33:51 2014 elapsed 0 00:00:43


Importando a tabela e habilitando o armazenamento do LOB em SECUREFILE:

[oracle@oracle01 ~]$ impdp alex_zaballa directory=dir_teste dumpfile=hr_tabela_teste.dmp 
remap_schema=hr:alex_zaballa transform=lob_storage:securefile
 
Import: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Fri Aug 8 12:41:09 2014
 
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
Password:
 
Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP, Advanced Analytics
and Real Application Testing options
Master table "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01":  alex_zaballa/******** directory=dir_teste 
dumpfile=hr_tabela_teste.dmp remap_schema=hr:alex_zaballa transform=lob_storage:securefile
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
. . imported "ALEX_ZABALLA"."TABELA_TESTE"                   0 KB       0 rows
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/INDEX/STATISTICS/INDEX_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TABLE_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/MARKER
Job "ALEX_ZABALLA"."SYS_IMPORT_FULL_01" successfully completed at Fri Aug 8 12:41:36 2014 elapsed 0 00:00:22


Podemos verificar que agora o LOB da tabela está armazenado como SECUREFILE:

SQL> select owner,table_name,tablespace_name,securefile from dba_lobs where 
owner='ALEX_ZABALLA' and table_name='TABELA_TESTE';
 
OWNER                TABLE_NAME          TABLESPACE_NAME      SEC
-------------------- ------------------- -------------------- ---
ALEX_ZABALLA         TABELA_TESTE        EXAMPLE              YES 

 



Alex Zaballa, formado em Análise de Sistemas, é especialista em Banco de Dados Oracle com sólidos conhecimentos em Servidores de Aplicação e Sistemas Operacionais; trabalha com Oracle há 14 anos, é ORACLE ACE, certificado OCM Database 11G e conta com mais de 100 outras certificações em produtos da Oracle. Desde 2007 é funcionário da empresa Júpiter em Angola, alocado em um projeto no Ministério das Finanças. Alex também é fundador do Grupo de Usuários Oracle de Angola (GUOA) e membro do time OraWorld.

Este artigo foi revisto pela equipe de produtos Oracle e está em conformidade com as normas e práticas para o uso de produtos Oracle.