8u51 Update Release Notes



Java™ SE Development Kit 8, Update 51 (JDK 8u51)

The full version string for this update release is 1.8.0_51-b16 (where "b" means "build"). The version number is 8u51.

Highlights

This update release contains several enhancements and changes including the following:

IANA Data 2015d

JDK 8u51 contains IANA time zone data version 2015d. For more information, refer to Timezone Data Versions in the JRE Software.

Security Baselines

The security baselines for the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) at the time of the release of JDK 8u51 are specified in the following table:

JRE Family Version JRE Security Baseline
(Full Version String)
8 1.8.0_51
7 1.7.0_85
6 1.6.0_101

For more information about security baselines, see Deploying Java Applets With Family JRE Versions in Java Plug-in for Internet Explorer.

JRE Expiration Date

The JRE expires whenever a new release with security vulnerability fixes becomes available. Critical patch updates, which contain security vulnerability fixes, are announced one year in advance on Critical Patch Updates, Security Alerts and Third Party Bulletin. This JRE (version 8u51) will expire with the release of the next critical patch update scheduled for October 20, 2015.

For systems unable to reach the Oracle Servers, a secondary mechanism expires this JRE (version 8u51) on November 20, 2015. After either condition is met (new release becoming available or expiration date reached), the JRE will provide additional warnings and reminders to users to update to the newer version. For more information, see JRE Expiration Date.

New Features and Changes


Operating system's restricted environment (Native Sandbox)

JDK 8u51 introduced the following changes to Native Sandbox:

  • Native sandbox is available on Windows platform only.

  • Native sandbox can be enabled or disabled through Java Control Panel->Advanced settings->Enable the operating system's restricted environment (native sandbox) or by setting deployment.security.use.native.sandbox property to true in deployment.properties file.

    Native sandbox is disabled by default.

  • When native sandbox is enabled, the sandbox applets or web-start applications will run in a restricted environment, that is provided by the operating system. This will not affect the all-permission applications and they will continue to run as before.

  • Native sandbox will be disabled for applications included the in Exception Site List (ESL) or when Deployment Rule Set (DRS) is used.

  • Sandbox applets deployed with HTML applet tag which includes all-permissions JAR files from the Class-Path manifest attribute, will run in native sandbox.

    In such cases, a special warning dialog will display, informing the user that the applet may not work properly, when such an applet tries to access the all-permission JAR files.

  • Custom preloader will be disabled in certain cases when native sandbox is enabled:

    • Custom preloader will be disabled when sandbox applets or web-start applications are initializing and the default preloader will be used instead. After application is initialized, Java VM restarts with native sandbox enabled and the custom preloader will be used.
    • For all-permission applications, custom preloader will be disabled if it is located in the JNLP file with sandbox permission, until user agrees to run application from the Security Dialog, which grants unrestricted access (privileged) to application.

Bug Fixes


This release contains fixes for security vulnerabilities. For more information, see Oracle Critical Patch Update Advisory.

For a list of bug fixes included in this release, see JDK 8u51 Bug Fixes page.

The following are some of the notable bug fixes included in this release:

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Add new Comodo roots to root CAs

Four new root certificates have been added for Commodo:

1. COMODO ECC Certification Authority
    alias: comodoeccca
    DN: CN=COMODO ECC Certification Authority, O=COMODO CA Limited, L=Salford, 
    ST=Greater Manchester, C=GB

2. COMODO RSA Certification Authority
    alias: comodorsaca
    DN: CN=COMODO RSA Certification Authority, O=COMODO CA Limited, L=Salford, 
    ST=Greater Manchester, C=GB

3. USERTrust ECC Certification Authority
    alias: usertrusteccca
    DN: CN=USERTrust ECC Certification Authority, O=The USERTRUST Network, 
    L=Jersey City, ST=New Jersey, C=US

4. USERTrust RSA Certification Authority
    alias: usertrustrsaca
    DN: CN=USERTrust RSA Certification Authority, O=The USERTRUST Network, 
    L=Jersey City, ST=New Jersey, C=US

See JDK-8077997(not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Add new GlobalSign roots to root CAs

Two root certificates have been added for GlobalSign:

1. GlobalSign ECC Root CA - R4
   alias: globalsigneccrootcar4
   DN: CN=GlobalSign, O=GlobalSign, OU=GlobalSign ECC Root CA - R4

2. GlobalSign ECC Root CA - R5
   alias: globalsigneccrootcar5
   DN: CN=GlobalSign, O=GlobalSign, OU=GlobalSign ECC Root CA - R5

See JDK-8077995 (not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Add Actalis to root CAs

Added one new root certificate:

Actalis Authentication Root CA
   alias: actalisauthenticationrootca
   DN: CN=Actalis Authentication Root CA, O=Actalis S.p.A./03358520967, 
   L=Milan, C=IT 

See JDK-8077903 (not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Add new Entrust ECC root

Added one new root certificate:

Entrust Root Certification Authority - EC1
  alias: entrustrootcaec1
  DN: CN=Entrust Root Certification Authority - EC1, 
  OU="(c) 2012 Entrust, Inc. - for authorized use only", 
  OU=See www.entrust.net/legal-terms, O="Entrust, Inc.", C=US

See JDK-8073286 (not public)

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Remove old Valicert Class 1 and 2 Policy roots

Removed two root certificates with 1024-bit keys:

  1. ValiCert Class 1 Policy Validation Authority
      alias: secomvalicertclass1ca
      DN: EMAILADDRESS=info@valicert.com, CN=http://www.valicert.com/, 
      OU=ValiCert Class 1 Policy Validation Authority, O="ValiCert, Inc.", 
      L=ValiCert Validation Network

  2. ValiCert Class 2 Policy Validation Authority
      alias: valicertclass2ca
      DN: EMAILADDRESS=info@valicert.com, CN=http://www.valicert.com/, 
      OU=ValiCert Class 2 Policy Validation Authority, O="ValiCert, Inc.", 
      L=ValiCert Validation Network

See JDK-8077886 (not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Remove old Thawte roots

Removed two root certificates with 1024-bit keys:

1. Thawte Server CA
    alias: thawteserverca
    DN: EMAILADDRESS=server-certs@thawte.com, CN=Thawte Server CA, 
    OU=Certification Services Division, O=Thawte Consulting cc, 
    L=Cape Town, ST=Western Cape, C=ZA

2. Thawte Personal Freemail CA
    alias: thawtepersonalfreemailca
    DN: EMAILADDRESS=personal-freemail@thawte.com, 
    CN=Thawte Personal Freemail CA, OU=Certification Services Division, 
    O=Thawte Consulting, L=Cape Town, ST=Western Cape, C=ZA

See JDK-8074423 (not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Remove more old Verisign, Equifax, and Thawte roots

Removed five root certificates with 1024-bit keys:

1. Verisign Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G2
    alias: verisignclass3g2ca
    DN: OU=VeriSign Trust Network, 
    OU="(c) 1998 VeriSign, Inc. - For authorized use only", 
    OU=Class 3 Public Primary Certification Authority - G2, 
    O="VeriSign, Inc.", C=US

2. Thawte Premium Server CA
    alias: thawtepremiumserverca
    DN: EMAILADDRESS=premium-server@thawte.com, CN=Thawte Premium Server CA, 
    OU=Certification Services Division, O=Thawte Consulting cc, L=Cape Town, 
    ST=Western Cape, C=ZA

3. Equifax Secure Certificate Authority
    alias: equifaxsecureca
    DN: OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority, O=Equifax, C=US

4. Equifax Secure eBusiness CA-1
    alias: equifaxsecureebusinessca1
    DN: CN=Equifax Secure eBusiness CA-1, O=Equifax Secure Inc., C=US

5. Equifax Secure Global eBusiness CA-1,
    alias: equifaxsecureglobalebusinessca1
    DN: CN=Equifax Secure Global eBusiness CA-1, O=Equifax Secure Inc., C=US

See JDK-8076202 (not public).

Area: security-libs/java.security
Synopsis: Remove TrustCenter CA roots from cacerts

Removed three root certificates:

1. TC TrustCenter Universal CA I
    alias: trustcenteruniversalcai
    DN: CN=TC TrustCenter Universal CA I, OU=TC TrustCenter Universal CA, 
    O=TC TrustCenter GmbH, C=DE

2. TC TrustCenter Class 2 CA II
    alias: trustcenterclass2caii
    DN: CN=TC TrustCenter Class 2 CA II, OU=TC TrustCenter Class 2 CA, 
    O=TC TrustCenter GmbH, C=DE

3. TC TrustCenter Class 4 CA II
    alias: trustcenterclass4caii
    DN: CN=TC TrustCenter Class 4 CA II, OU=TC TrustCenter Class 4 CA, 
    O=TC TrustCenter GmbH, C=DE

See JDK-8072958 (not public).

Area: security-libs/javax.net.ssl
Synopsis: Deprecate RC4 in SunJSSE provider

RC4 is now considered as a weak cipher. Servers should not select RC4 unless there is no other stronger candidate in the client requested cipher suites. A new security property, jdk.tls.legacyAlgorithms, is added to define the legacy algorithms in Oracle JSSE implementation. RC4 related algorithms are added to the legacy algorithms list.

See JDK-8074006 (not public).

Area: security-libs/javax.net.ssl
Synopsis: Prohibit RC4 cipher suites

RC4 is now considered as a compromised cipher. RC4 cipher suites have been removed from both client and server default enabled cipher suite list in Oracle JSSE implementation. These cipher suites can still be enabled by SSLEngine.setEnabledCipherSuites() and SSLSocket.setEnabledCipherSuites() methods.

See JDK-8077109 (not public).

Area: security-libs/javax.net.ssl
Synopsis: Improved certification checking

With this fix, JSSE endpoint identification does not perform reverse name lookup for IP addresses by default in JDK.

If an application does need to perform reverse name lookup for raw IP addresses in SSL/TLS connections, and encounter endpoint identification compatibility issue, System property "jdk.tls.trustNameService" can be used to switch on reverse name lookup. Note that if the name service is not trustworthy, enabling reverse name lookup may be susceptible to MITM attacks.

See JDK-8067695 (not public).

Known Issues


Area: deploy/plugin
Synopsis: Java issue with Firefox 38, long delay with MyD loading

Java Plugin is unable to obtain proxy settings from Firefox 38 due to a bug in Mozilla framework. It may cause a long delay during RIA start up or can even cause start up failures. See the related issue:

https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1165286

According to Mozilla, Firefox 39 will contain a fix for this problem.

Workarounds:

  • Use another supported browser
  • Downgrade browser to Firefox 37
  • Specify proxy settings in JCP (NOT in "Browser settings")

See JDK-8081459 (not public).