很抱歉。找不到符合您搜尋條件的項目。

以下操作有助您找到所需內容,建議您不妨一試:

  • 檢查您關鍵字搜尋的拼字是否正確。
  • 改用您所輸入關鍵字的同義詞,例如以「應用軟體」取代「軟體」。“”“”
  • 開始新的搜尋。

ERP 是什麼?

企業資源計劃 (ERP) 的定義

瞭解領先業界的企業資源規劃 (ERP) 雲端解決方案,作為您企業流程與應用程式的整合管理運用,獲得抗逆力和即時靈活度,讓您輕鬆因應成長。

企業資源規劃 (ERP) 是指組織用以管理日常業務活動的一種軟體,例如會計採購專案管理風險管理與合規以及供應鏈運作。完整的 ERP 套裝軟體包括 Enterprise Performance Management,該軟體可協助規劃、編列預算、進行預測和報告組織財務結果。

ERP 系統將多項業務流程結合在一起,實現各個流程間的資料流。ERP 系統收集來自多個來源的組織共用交易資料,避免了資料重複,並透過單一事實來源提供資料完整性。

如今,ERP 系統對於管理分布於各個產業且規模各異的數千個企業至關重要。對於這些公司而言,ERP 就像電力一樣不可或缺。

Cloud ERP 入門

請詳閱此指南以瞭解如何:

  • 尋找合適的雲端 ERP 合作夥伴
  • 提升生產力與彈性
  • 全面掌握業務
  • 取得新一代的技術與增強功能

什麼是 ERP 系統?

這些解決方案是如何管理組織的日常業務活動,例如會計、財務、採購、專案管理、供應鍊和製造。

ERP 與財務之間有何差異?

雖然描述 ERP 軟體時常會使用「財務」一詞,但財務和 ERP 並不相同。財務是指 ERP 內的模組子集。

財務是與組織財務部門相關的業務功能,包含財務會計、明細分類帳會計會計中心、應付帳款與應收帳款、收入管理、帳單、授予、費用管理、專案管理、資產管理、合資會計及收帳的模組。財務軟體使用報表與分析功能,遵守管控機構的報告需求,例如「國際財務報表準則 (IFRS)」以及美國公認會計原則 (GAAP) 和其他國家 (例如德國的 HGB 及法國的 PCG) 專用的「財務會計標準委員會 (FASB)」。對公共組織而言,財務軟體必須能夠產生監管機構的定期財務報表,例如美國證券交易委員會 (SEC) (報表包括季度 10Q 與年度 10K)、歐洲證券與市場管理局 (ESMA) 等。對於這些類型的財務報表,會使用敘述式報告工具。最終對財務負責的人員為財務長

雖然財務管理系統會處理單一業務領域,但 ERP 包含許多廣泛的業務流程,包括財務。ERP 軟體可以包括採購供應鏈管理、庫存、製造、維護、訂單管理、專案管理、物流、產品生命週期管理、風險管理企業績效管理 (EPM)、人力資源 / 人力資本管理以及客戶關係管理 (CRM) 的功能。雲端 ERP 應用系統通常內嵌新一代技術,例如物聯網 (IoT)、區塊鏈、AI、機器學習和數位助理。這些進階技術不僅提供資料和功能,還能提升許多傳統 ERP 功能;其創造全新機會,以提升效率、全新服務,同時讓整個企業獲得更深入的洞察力。由於 ERP 系統在整個企業中無所不包,因此其管理經常涉及財務長、資訊長、營運長及其他高階主管的合作。

ERP 基礎知識

ERP 系統圍繞單一、已定義的資料結構 (架構) 進行設計,該結構通常有一個通用資料庫。這有助於確保在整個企業中使用正規化資訊,並以通用定義和使用者體驗為基礎。接著,這些核心結構與由各個業務部門 (例如:財務、人力資源、工程、行銷、營運) 的工作流程驅動的業務流程互連,連結系統和使用人員。簡而言之,ERP 是在現代企業中整合人員、流程和技術的工具。

瞭解產業分析師如何比較 Oracle Cloud ERP 與其他財務管理軟體供應商。


例如,試想有一家汽車製造公司向多個供應商購買零組件。該公司可使用 ERP 系統來追蹤這些商品的申請和採購,確保每個組件從採購至付款的整個流程都使用一致且整齊的資料,並連結至企業工作流程、業務流程、報告和分析。該汽車製造公司完善部署 ERP 時,將一律透過零件名稱、尺寸、材質、來源、批號、供應商零件號碼、序列號、成本和規格,以及大量其他描述性和資料驅動項目來識別一個組件,例如「前煞車片」。資料是每一家現代公司的命脈,使用 ERP 使收集、整理、分析資訊變得更輕鬆,而且能夠將資訊發送給相關人員和系統,以更好地履行職務。

ERP 還能確保將這些資料欄位和屬性匯整至公司總分類帳中的正確帳戶,以便完善追蹤和呈現所有成本。如果在一個軟體系統 (或是一組試算表) 中將前煞車片稱作「前煞車」,在另一個系統中為「煞車片」,而在第三個系統又稱為「前煞車片」,則汽車製造公司很難計算每年前煞車片的總支出,也很難判斷是否應更換供應商或進行議價。

ERP 關鍵原則是集中收集並廣泛分發資料。與其擁有數個內含無止盡未連結試算表的獨立資料庫,ERP 系統化繁為簡,從執行長到應付帳款職員的所有使用者都能建立、儲存和使用通用流程所衍生的相同資料。有了安全且集中的資料儲存庫,組織中的每個人都能確信資料是正確、最新且完整的。從整個季度的財務報表到單一未清應收帳款報告,確保整個組織執行的每一項工作都有完整的資料,而無須仰賴容易出錯的試算表

現代財務趨勢

ERP 環境隨著軟體即服務 (SaaS) 雲端應用程式的快速變革而改變。因為有行動平台和分散式人力,所以隨時隨地皆能工作,ERP 系統不再侷限於以往的企業內部部署後端應用系統。新一代、雲端和現代的 ERP 解決方案支援全新產業動態,同時能夠縮短支援時間,讓組織快速因應瞬息萬變的市場和產業趨勢。

The business value of ERP

It’s impossible to ignore the impact of ERP in today’s business world. As enterprise data and processes are corralled into ERP systems, businesses can align separate departments and improve workflows, resulting in significant bottom-line savings. Examples of specific business benefits include:

  • Improved business insight from real-time information generated by reports
  • Lower operational costs through streamlined business processes and best practices
  • Enhanced collaboration from users sharing data in contracts, requisitions, and purchase orders
  • Improved efficiency through a common user experience across many business functions and well-defined business processes
  • Consistent infrastructure from the back office to the front office, with all business activities having the same look and feel
  • Higher user-adoption rates from a common user experience and design
  • Reduced risk through improved data integrity and financial controls
  • Lower management and operational costs through uniform and integrated systems

A brief history of ERP

From paper cards to mobile devices
The history of ERP goes back more than 100 years. In 1913, engineer Ford Whitman Harris developed what became known as the economic order quantity (EOQ) model, a paper-based manufacturing system for production scheduling. For decades, EOQ was the standard for manufacturing. Toolmaker Black and Decker changed the game in 1964 when it became the first company to adopt a material requirements planning (MRP) solution that combined EOQ concepts with a mainframe computer.

MRP remained the manufacturing standard until manufacturing resource planning (called MRP II) was developed in 1983. MRP II featured “modules” as a key software architectural component, and integrated core manufacturing components including purchasing, bills of materials, scheduling, and contract management. For the first time, different manufacturing tasks were integrated into a common system. MRP II also provided a compelling vision of how organizations could leverage software to share and integrate enterprise data and boost operational efficiency with better production planning, reduced inventory, and less waste (scrap). As computer technology evolved through the 1970s and 1980s, concepts similar to MRP II were developed to handle business activities beyond manufacturing, incorporating finance, customer relationship management, and human resources data. By 1990, technology analysts had a name for this new category of business management software—enterprise resource planning.

ERP deployment models: From on-premises to the cloud

ERP's past: 1990s to the new millennium
From the 1990s until the beginning of the twenty-first century, ERP adoption grew rapidly. At the same time, the costs of implementing an ERP system began to climb. The hardware required to run the software was typically on company premises, with big machines in a server room. Both the hardware and the software licenses required capital investments and depreciated over 5 to 10 years. In addition, organizations nearly always wanted to customize their ERP systems to fit their specific needs, entailing an additional expense of software consultants and training.

Meanwhile, ERP technology was evolving to embrace the internet, with new features and functionality such as embedded analytics. As time went on, many organizations discovered that their on-premises ERP systems couldn’t keep up with modern security demands or emerging technologies such as smartphones.

Cloud ERP—A new ERP delivery model

Software-as-a-service (SaaS)
Enter the cloud—specifically, the software-as-a-service (SaaS) delivery model for ERP. When ERP software is delivered as a service in the cloud, it runs on a network of remote servers instead of inside a company’s server room. The cloud provider patches, manages, and updates the software several times a year—rather than an expensive upgrade every 5 to 10 years with an on-premises system. The cloud can reduce both operational expenses (OpEx) and capital expenses (CapEx) because it eliminates the need for companies to purchase software and hardware, or hire additional IT staff. These resources can instead be invested in new business opportunities, and the organization is always up-to-date on the most recent ERP software. Employees can shift their focus from managing IT to more value-added tasks such as innovation and growth.

7 reasons to move to an ERP cloud solution

For businesses of all sizes, including enterprise and small to midsize, retiring on-premise systems and moving entirely to the cloud all at once isn’t possible. Or, at the very least, it’s not something they’re comfortable doing within a short development window. Meanwhile, staying the course with an on-premises ERP, ignoring all the advantages of enterprise resource planning as a cloud solution, is no longer an ideal path, either. Why should you consider using cloud applications to replace or augment your on-premise system?

1. Readily adopt new and evolving SaaS technologies

LNext-generation technologies, like artificial intelligence (AI), help cloud-based systems rapidly improve their capabilities with no need for periodic updates, unlike your legacy system. Now, with no additional or new input from the end-user, ERP systems continually become significantly easier to manage and use.

2. Extend the value of your existing ERP System

Augmenting and integrating legacy software with cloud applications can complement, enhance, and supplement important tasks. This approach can breathe new life into legacy ERP systems, giving businesses a great opportunity to start adopting cloud capabilities.

3. Access new technologies

Finding cloud applications that complement your legacy ERP software modules lets you immediately take advantage of rapidly advancing new technologies and improving user paradigms. These provide complimentary systems that deliver immediate business capabilities and value without a fundamental change in your operations.

4. Reduce third-party dependencies

Reporting and analytics for legacy systems typically require involvement from a third-party vendor to generate operational business intelligence. Using cloud applications from your legacy ERP vendor often produces the same or better intelligence without needing an additional vendor relationship.

5. Evolve your financial systems

Legacy systems were never meant to be modern reporting engines. Cloud-based technology was born in the last decade and developed, as a core principle, with an entirely different mindset and understanding of not only what was possible but what was needed to be successful for ERP platforms.

6. More robust security resources

Cloud solution service providers have large, full-time teams that are exclusively dedicated to proactively monitoring and staying current with cloud security issues and threats, 24 hours a day.

7. Attract in-demand talent

The next generation of young workers have grown up with seamless technology that is mobile, easy to use, and always-on. No company that continues to rely purely with on-premise technology will be able to recruit top talent, regardless of age.

Make better business decisions with Oracle Cloud ERP

Watch the video: What is Oracle Fusion Cloud ERP? (2:06)

Organizations have always struggled to balance traditional ERP’s high costs and complexity against the need for customized features and flexibility, all while meeting the demands of the business. Watch and learn how Oracle ERP Cloud delivers connected teams, unified data, and real-time insights to help you and your finance team ensure that the best business decisions are made. With ERP delivered as a service in the cloud, your organization can be future-ready and outpace change.

Get started with ERP

One of the benefits of the SaaS model is that the software is kept up-to-date with the latest features, functions, and best practices. Cloud ERP providers roll out updates regularly (as often as monthly, in Oracle’s case). This means that the latest new and revolutionary emerging technologies—such as AI, digital assistants, machine learning, blockchain, augmented reality, and the Internet of Things (IoT)—become available to subscribers on a regular cadence.

With access to these new technologies, organizations can quickly improve their business best practices as the ERP software evolves. They can automate processes that used to require heavy manual intervention, such as reconciling financial accounts. In addition, users gain a comprehensive, real-time understanding of enterprise business activities not only in the front office, but also in warehouses, on factory floors, and everywhere else across the enterprise. This knowledge is then readily available to every appropriate employee on their mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets.

Built for the digital age, today’s ERP cloud embraces mobile, social, analytics, and the latest emerging technologies. Anything less won’t move an organization forward.

Learn more about Oracle Cloud ERP