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Cause: The TNS alias used in the connection string resides in tnsnames.ora. The path of this file is specified through TNS_ADMIN property. If the location is not accessible to the application or if the TNS alias is not present in the tnsnames.ora then this exception is thrown.
Solution: TNS_ADMIN specifies the location for the tnsnames.ora. It can be set as part of the connection URL
(jdbc:oracle:thin:@dbname_medium?TNS_ADMIN=/users/test/wallet_dbname/) starting from 18.3 JDBC driver or as a system property
(-Doracle.net.tns_admin) or as a connection property
(OracleConnection.CONNECTION_PROPERTY_TNS_ADMIN). Make sure that the TNS_ADMIN is set correctly.
Cause: Check if the wallet password is correctly passed as part of connection properties
javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword. Look for any spaces at the end of the password. You may get this error if there are spaces at the end of the password.
Solution: Check for any spaces in the wallet passwords at the end of the line and also, check if the password is correct.
Cause: Check if the additional jars
oraclepki.jar, osdt_core.jar, and osdt_cert.jar are present in the classpath and accessible. You may get this error if these jars are not in the classpath.
Solution: Download the 18.3 oraclepki.jar, osdt_core.jar, and osdt_cert.jar
and place them in the classpath
Cause: Oracle Cloud mandates TLSv1.2 for autonomous database. So, this exception can be caused due to (a) old JDBC driver (b) multiple versions of JDBC drivers in the classpath (c) JDK version etc.,
Solution: Go through the pre-requisites section and check if the correct JDBC driver and JDK version are used. Also, make sure that there is only one JDBC driver in the class path.
Cause: Oracle Cloud requires a latest version of JDK9 or JDK8u71 or higher. If you are using JDK7 then it should be at-least JDK7u80 or higher. The above exception could be occurring due to a lower version of JDK8 or JDK7 being used. Check Problem #2 as well.
Solution: Upgrade the JDK8 to JDK8u71 or higher or JDK7 version to JDK7u80 or higher.
Cause: While using JDK 7, an additional connection property
-Doracle.net.ssl_cipher_suites should be set to
(TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256); an exception will be thrown if you are using JDK7 and do not set the cipher suites explicitly.
Solution: With JDK7, use an additional connection property or a system property
Cause: Oracle Cloud requires strong cipher suites. If you are using JDK9 or JDK8u162 then you are good. Otherwise, you are required to install the JCE Policy Files with both JDK8 and JDK7 to allow strong cipher TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256. An exception will be thrown if you do not have the recommended JCE policy files,
local_policy.jar and US_export_policy.jar.
Solution: Download the JCE Unlimited Strength Jurisdiction Policy Files. Refer to README for installation notes.
Cause: Oracle Cloud mandates using TLSv1.2 as the transfer protocol. When using 18.104.22.168 JDBC Thin driver, you need to use either the patched jar from Download JDBC driver for Cloud or apply a patch for the bug 23176395. The patch for the bug allows TLSv1.2 but does not enable it. So,TLS version needs to be explicitly set.
Solution: Set the system property
oracle.net.ssl_version=1.2; this property can be set either as a system property (using -D) or as a connection level property.
Cause: The JDBC driver present in the classpath could be different from the one present in the downloaded Oracle Instant Client directory.
Solution: Make sure to use the JDBC driver from the same version as that of Instant client. For 12_1 Instant Client use, 22.214.171.124 JDBC driver.
Cause: This can cause due to two reasons.
tnsnames.ora do not reside in the same directory or
sqlnet.ora is not updated with the path where the
cwallet.sso is found.
Solution: Make sure to place both
tnsnames.ora in the same directory and also update
sqlnet.ora with the path where the wallet files (
cwallet.sso) are located.